It can be contrasted with other cultural forms such as ideas, images, practices, beliefs, and language that can be treated as independent from any specific material substance. The clothes, tools, utensils, gadgets, ornaments, pictures, furniture, buildings, and equipment of a group of people are its material culture and for disciplines such as archaeology and anthropology provide the raw data for understanding other societies.
Durkheim held the belief that culture has many relationships to society which include: Logical — Power over individuals belongs to certain cultural categories, and beliefs such as in God. Functional — Certain rites and myths create and build up social order by having more people create strong beliefs.
The greater the number of people who believe strongly in these myths more will the social order be strengthened. Historical — Culture had its origins in society, and from those experiences came evolution into things such as classification systems.
Max Weber Weber innovated the idea of a status group as a certain type of subculture. Status groups are based on things such as: These groups live a certain lifestyle based on different values and norms. They are a culture within a culture, hence the label subculture.
Weber also purported the idea that people were motivated by their material and ideal interests, which include things such as preventing one from going to hell.
Weber also explains that people use symbols to express their spirituality, that symbols are used to express the spiritual side of real events, and that ideal interests are derived from symbols. Georg Simmel For Simmel, culture refers to "the cultivation of individuals through the agency of external forms which have been objectified in the course of history.
Sociological concept and analysis can be viewed.
The elements of culture[ edit ] 1. Any thing that carries particular meaning recognized by people who share the same culture.
A system of symbols that allows people to communicate with one another. Culturally defined standards of desirability, goodness, beauty and many other things that serves as broad guidelines for social living. Specific statements that people hold to be true.
Rules and expectations by which a society guides the behaviour of its members. The two types of norms are mores and folkways.
Mores are norms that are widely observed and have a great moral significance. Folkways are norms for routine, casual interaction.
The typical manner in which people perform production e. Distinct material objects, such as architecture, technologies, and artistic creations. Patterns of organization and relationships regarding governance, production, socializing, education, knowledge creation, arts, and relating to other cultures.The sociology of culture, and the related cultural sociology, concerns the systematic analysis of culture, usually understood as the ensemble of symbolic codes used by a members of a society, as it is manifested in the society.
Material culture refers to the physical stuff that human beings surround themselves with and which has meaning for the members of a cultural group. Mostly this ‘‘stuff’’ is things that are made within a society, but sometimes it is gathered directly from the natural world or recovered from past or distant cultures.
Material culture is defined by Conley as “everything that is a part of our constructed, physical environment, including technology” (Conley P.
77). And while material culture is solely concerned with the physical aspects of culture, a relationship does exist between material and nonmaterial culture.
Material culture involves all of the physical items and forms that we encounter that ultimately transform into nonmaterial culture. This nonmaterial culture includes the ideas and beliefs we hold. Non‐material culture refers to the nonphysical ideas that people have about their culture, including beliefs, values, rules, norms, morals, language, organizations, and institutions.
For instance, the non‐material cultural concept of religion consists of a set of . Material culture is the physical aspect of culture in the objects and architecture that surround people.
It includes usage, consumption, creation, and trade of objects as well as the behaviors, norms, and rituals that the objects create or take part in.