Contact Us Lincoln on Slavery Abraham Lincoln is often referred to as "The Great Emancipator" and yet, he did not publicly call for emancipation throughout his entire life. Lincoln began his public career by claiming that he was "antislavery" -- against slavery's expansion, but not calling for immediate emancipation.
Slave states and free states Abraham Lincoln The United States Constitution of did not use the word "slavery" but included several provisions about unfree persons.
Article I, Section 9 allowed Congress to pass legislation to outlaw the "Importation of Persons", but not until Maryland did not abolish slavery until and Delaware was one of the last states to hold onto slavery; it was still legal in Delaware when the thirteenth amendment was issued.
MissouriKentuckyMaryland and Delawareand so those states were not named in the Proclamation. Coverage[ edit ] The Proclamation applied in the ten states that were still in rebellion inand thus did not cover the nearlyslaves in the slave-holding border states Missouri, Kentucky, Maryland or Delaware which were Union states.
Those slaves were freed by later separate state and federal actions. The state of Tennessee had already mostly returned to Union control, under a recognized Union government, so it was not named and was exempted. Virginia was named, but exemptions were specified for the 48 counties then in the process of forming the new state of West Virginiaand seven additional counties and two cities in the Union-controlled Tidewater region.
These exemptions left unemancipated an additionalslaves. This act cleared up the issue of contraband slaves. Some 20, to 50, slaves were freed the day it went into effect  in parts of nine of the ten states to which it applied Texas being the exception.
The Proclamation provided the legal framework for the emancipation of nearly all four million slaves as the Union armies advanced, and committed the Union to ending slavery, which was a controversial decision even in the North.
Hearing of the Proclamation, more slaves quickly escaped to Union lines as the Army units moved South. As the Union armies advanced through the Confederacy, thousands of slaves were freed each day until nearly all approximately 3.
While the Proclamation had freed most slaves as a war measure, it had not made slavery illegal. Of the states that were exempted from the Proclamation, Maryland,  Missouri,  Tennessee,  and West Virginia  prohibited slavery before the war ended.
InPresident Lincoln proposed a moderate plan for the Reconstruction of the captured Confederate State of Louisiana.
The state was also required to abolish slavery in its new constitution. Identical Reconstruction plans would be adopted in Arkansas and Tennessee.
By Decemberthe Lincoln plan abolishing slavery had been enacted in Louisiana. Background[ edit ] Military action prior to emancipation[ edit ] The Fugitive Slave Act of required individuals to return runaway slaves to their owners. During the war, Union generals such as Benjamin Butler declared that slaves in occupied areas were contraband of war and accordingly refused to return them.Reasons Lincoln Issued the Emancipation Proclamation Lastly, Lincoln believed that slavery should be ended Lincoln had come to believe in the Emancipation Proclamation.
Abraham Lincoln and Slavery. Featured Book. Michael Burlingame, Abraham Lincoln: A Life (Johns Hopkins Press, ) The Morality and Legality of Slavery. Opposing the Extension of Slavery. Mar 09, · Abraham Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation, issued on January 1, , was a big step for equality, but it was not exactly the huge leap many people think it was.
The Emancipation Proclamation is arguably one of the top ten most important documents in the history of the United States; however, it is also one of the most misunderstood. Here are ten facts providing the basics on the proclamation and the history surrounding it.
William Lloyd Garrison, the fiery abolitionist editor of the Liberator, had struggled for decades to see slavery abolished, but when Abraham Lincoln issued the preliminary Emancipation Proclamation on September 22, , the long-awaited action came as a disappointment.
Garrison was furious. Lincoln. Selected Quotations by Abraham Lincoln For your convenience, this page combines two of our previous collections of Lincoln quotations and groups them under subject headings.