All of the virtues mentioned involve doing the "right amount" of the "right thing" at the "right time. The search for knowledge must be possible.
According to Plato, there is an absolute good which belongs to the transcendental realm of Forms, whereas Aristotle thinks that good is exclusively immanent to the world we live in and relative to the practical actions of men.
Plato believes that, in order to be able to contemplate the supreme good, men must live in justice. Hedonism—namely the search for pleasure as an The object of ethics is the distinction between good and evil. Hedonism—namely the search for pleasure as an end in itself—can instead lead to unhappiness when the means to achieve it are unjust deeds such as the use of power against others.
The pursuit of knowledge is the key to living a happy life. Knowledge will help men understand what is just. Hence, a happy life is a just life based on knowledge. The utmost good for men is happiness, which is equivalent to contemplation.
However, the latter is not meant in the Platonic sense of contemplating an absolute good that is situated in the world of Forms; according to Aristotle, contemplation is instead the theoretical activity of what we nowadays call philosophy.
Wisdom, rather than justice, is the virtue that is specific to theoretical reasoning. Theoretical contemplation is described in Book 1 of Nicomachean Ethics as the only life condition that is able to provide men with a high and stable level of pleasure.
For a more practical account of how life should be lived, it is advisable to look at Book 2, where the doctrine of the golden mean is contained. An intellectual life lived virtuously is a life of reasoning that helps the wise understand how to avoid excess and always opt for balanced actions.Aristotle differs from Plato, that he rejects the two world theory of Plato.
Aristotle argues that the real and the ideal co-exist or the world of matter (appearance) and form exist together in this world and not elsewhere or in another world. Plato's "Theory of Forms" vs. Modern Science's Concept Of Reality: A 5 page paper that provides a comparison between Plato's reflections on knowledge, opinion and understanding elemental to his "Theory of Forms" and the concept of reality as it is designed within the scope of modern scientific methods.
Bibliography lists 4 sources. Aristotle and Plato’s Forms Aristotle (c.
B.C.E.) is perhaps the most preeminent Western philosopher of all time. Among his peers stands his teacher at the Academy of Athens, Plato, many of whose metaphysical theories Aristotle came to criticise and refute in his later life and works.
Plato points up (to his forms), and Aristotle points down (indicating his realist philosophy). Socrates and Plato as Idealists vs. Aristotle as a Realist. More specifically, Socrates, the main character of Plato’s dialogues and Plato’s teacher, is an idealist.
W ith the system of Eudaimonism, Plato and Aristotle attempt to arrive at a theory or system or set of moral principles or values dealing with what is good and bad and with moral duty and obligation. They further go on in applying these principles of conduct in governing an individual or group.
Their main concern with conformity to this standard of right is the idea of virtue. This essay will be examining the ethics of Plato ( BCE) and Aristotle ( BCE) to analyse, justify and compare the major concepts of the two philosophers therein.
I will argue that Aristotle’s solution to the problem of the ‘good life’ is a better answer than Plato.