Bibliography Title Page The title page provides the name of the researcher, instructor with appropriate titlecourse title and the date on the upper left side of the first page, double-spaced. The title appears in the middle, centre aligned with all the words capitalized except articles, prepositions and conjunctions. Table of Contents The table of contents TOC or the index page in an academic paper provides the information in the form of first-level headers and can also include second level headers and section titles. You can learn how to write an abstract here for your essays or terms papers.
Each element should be followed by the punctuation mark shown here. Earlier editions of the handbook included the place of publication and required different punctuation such as journal editions in parentheses and colons after issue numbers.
In the current version, punctuation is simpler only commas and periods separate the elementsand information about the source is kept to the basics.
End this element with a period. Depending upon the type of source, it should be listed in italics or quotation marks.
A book should be in italics: An individual webpage should be in quotation marks. The name of the parent website, which MLA treats as a "container," should follow in italics: A song or piece of music on an album should be in quotation marks: Title of container Unlike earlier versions, the eighth edition refers to "containers," which are the larger wholes in which the source is located.
For example, if you want to cite a poem that is listed in a collection of poems, the individual poem is the source, while the larger Endnotes essay format is the container.
The title of Endnotes essay format container is usually italicized and followed by a comma, since the information that follows next describes the container. The container may also be a television series, which is made up of episodes.
The container may also be a website, which contains articles, postings, and other works. Interview by Gareth Von Kallenbach.
In some cases, a container might be within a larger container. You might have read a book of short stories on Google Books, or watched a television series on Netflix.
It is important to cite these containers within containers so that your readers can find the exact source that you used. Accessed 27 May Other contributors In addition to the author, there may be other contributors to the source who should be credited, such as editors, illustrators, translators, etc.
If their contributions are relevant to your research, or necessary to identify the source, include their names in your documentation.
In the eighth edition, terms like editor, illustrator, translator, etc. A History of Insanity in the Age of Reason. Annotated and with an introduction by Vara Neverow, Harcourt, Inc. Version If a source is listed as an edition or version of a work, include it in your citation.
Crowley, Sharon, and Debra Hawhee. Ancient Rhetorics for Contemporary Students. Number If a source is part of a numbered sequence, such as a multi-volume book, or journal with both volume and issue numbers, those numbers must be listed in your citation.
Current Conditions and Future Directions. The International Online-Only Journal, vol. Accessed 20 May Publisher The publisher produces or distributes the source to the public. Museum of Modern Art, New York. Problems of the Digestive System. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, Daniels, Greg and Michael Schur, creators.
Publication date The same source may have been published on more than one date, such as an online version of an original source. For example, a television series might have aired on a broadcast network on one date, but released on Netflix on a different date.
When the source has more than one date, it is sufficient to use the date that is most relevant to your use of it. This is the way to create a general citation for a television episode. However, if you are discussing, for example, the historical context in which the episode originally aired, you should cite the full date.
An essay in a book, or an article in journal should include page numbers.This resource, updated to reflect the MLA Handbook (8 th ed.), offers examples for the general format of MLA research papers, in Use italics throughout your essay for the titles of longer works and, only when absolutely necessary, providing emphasis.
If you have any endnotes, include them on a separate page before your Works Cited page. This resource, updated to reflect the MLA Handbook (8 th ed.), offers examples for the general format of MLA research papers, Endnotes and footnotes in MLA format are indicated in-text by superscript Arabic numbers after the punctuation of the phrase or clause to which the note refers: Essay Writing.
Essay Writing; Expository Essays. Supporting Scholarship. The MHRA makes Conference Grants to support up to ten colloquia each year, allocated in two rounds. An important part of MHRA's work in the scholarly community is the support of younger colleagues entering the profession.
Automatic works cited and bibliography formatting for MLA, APA and Chicago/Turabian citation styles. Now supports 7th edition of MLA. First Footnote or Endnote example of MLA format: 2 G. Wayne Miller, King of Hearts: The True Story of the Maverick Who Pioneered Open Heart Surgery (New York Start your list of Endnotes on a new page at the end of your essay.
Remember to put the Endnotes page before the Bibliography, or Works Cited, or References page. Examples of first. Automatically create, format, and update bibliographies, with the convenience of remote access. See what EndNote can do. Citation Report.
Find out the impact and relevance of a group of references, simply and quickly, right from your EndNote desktop, with your Web of Science subscription.